The return of foreign fighters to Europe: a looming threat

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the world’s most wanted man – with a 25$ million price tag on his head – appeared for the first time in five years in a 30 April video where he claimed the Easter attack against the Christian community in Sri Lanka. Sitting cross-legged with a Kalashnikov at his side, he relaunched the idea of a crusade against Christians: “Truthfully, the battle of Islam and its people against the crusaders is a long battle,” he says. “The battle of Baghuz is over. But it did show the savagery, brutality and ill intentions of the Christians towards the Muslim community.”

The message was addressed to all Islamists around the world, including many foreign fighters who, after the final battle of Baghuz in north-eastern Syria where ISIS was territorially defeated, are now trying to get back to their home countries, including many European countries, or are detained in prison by the Syrian Kurds.

According to the United Nations, there are over 40,000 foreign fighters from 110 countries who may have travelled to Syria and Iraq to join terrorist groups. Research from the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation at King’s College London found that 18,852 of them came from the Middle East and North Africa, 7,252 from Eastern Europe, 5,965 from Central Asia, 5,904 from Western Europe, 1,010 from Eastern Asia, 1,063 from South-East Asia, 753 from the Americas, Australia and New Zealand, 447 from Southern Asia and 244 from Sub-Saharan Africa.

Shutterstock.com

Many of them have been killed in Syria or Iraq and others have been repatriated to their home nations, but 7,366 persons have already returned to their home countries (20%), or appear to be going through the repatriation process, according to data published by King’s College researchers.

They pose a massive threat to Western nations since they have had military training in Syria or Iraq, have learnt how to use weapons properly and have fought a proper war. They could be a source of a new radicalization wave among Muslim communities in their home countries or even in Western prisons if national security authorities have already caught them, according to reports from various European intelligence services.

Cook and Vale, ICSR, 2018. Available at www.icsr.info

1,100 foreign fighters are detained in Kurdish prisons in northern Syria and there are around 2,000 of their wives and children, according to Kurdish military officials. More than once, the SDF, the military alliance composed of Kurds, Arabs, Assyrian and Syriac Christians, has publicly complained about the lack of cooperation from jihadists’ countries of origin.

US President Donald Trump tweeted on 30 April: “We have 1,800 ISIS Prisoners taken hostage in our final battles to destroy 100% of the Caliphate in Syria. Decisions are now being made as to what to do with these dangerous prisoners. European countries are not helping at all, even though this was very much done for their benefit. They are refusing to take back prisoners from their specific countries. Not good!

They have also called for the institution of an international tribunal to to prosecute terrorists” to ensure that trials are “conducted fairly and in accordance with international law and human rights covenants and charters”, as reported by the BBC. This solution would be the first sign of recognition for the Kurdish-Arab-Assyrian-Syrian autonomous region in the north of Syria and for this reason it is likely to be rejected by the Syrian Arab Republic, Russia and Iran, the three major players that fought against ISIS in the centre and the south of the country.

Meanwhile, Macron’s France signed a deal with Iraq: Baghdad’s authorities will be in charge of taking jihadists of French nationality from Kurdish prison in Syria and of moving them to Iraq, where they can be judged by Iraqi authorities.

Iraq has already tried thousands of its own nationals arrested on home soil for joining IS, including women, and has sentenced hundreds to death, FRANCE24 reported.

The country remains one of the top five “executioner” nations in the world, according to an Amnesty International report. Human Rights organization have raised concerns over any agreement between Western countries and Iraq where the number of death sentences issued by Iraqi courts more than quadrupled from 65 in 2017 to at least 271 in 2018.

Cover pic: Shutterstock.com

464 comments

  1. Pingback: ciprofloxacin cost walmart

  2. Pingback: generic ventolin

  3. Pingback: viagra for sale usa fast delivery

  4. Pingback: naltrexone mexico over the counter

  5. Pingback: chloroquine covid

  6. Pingback: hydroxychloroquine tablet price

  7. Pingback: cialis ed

  8. Pingback: cheapest viagra 50 mg

  9. Pingback: generic cialis

  10. Pingback: Cialis 80 mg no prescription

  11. Pingback: cheap sildenafil 50mg

  12. Pingback: finasteride 5mg purchase

  13. Pingback: Google

  14. Pingback: buy strattera 18 mg

  15. Pingback: vibrator

  16. Pingback: where can i buy aricept 10 mg

  17. Pingback: blogcaodep.com

  18. Pingback: where can i buy tamoxifen 10 mg

  19. Pingback: ashwagandha 60caps online pharmacy

  20. Pingback: cell phone

  21. Pingback: cheapest online vape store

  22. Pingback: Damiana

  23. Pingback: drip irrigation pipe

  24. Pingback: Tierfutter

  25. Pingback: BFCM deals

  26. Pingback: Bodrum havuz kimyasallarý

  27. Pingback: havuz ekipmanlarý

  28. Pingback: capath.vn

  29. Pingback: sweetiehouse.vn

  30. Pingback: cheap Biaxin 250mg

  31. Pingback: German shepherd puppies for sale

  32. Pingback: airsoft sniper rifles for sale

  33. Pingback: Buy cocaine online

  34. Pingback: Pc reparatur lachen

  35. Pingback: buspar 10mg cheap

  36. Pingback: Magic Mush Rooms

  37. Pingback: fluffy kittens for sale

  38. Pingback: REAL COUNTERFEIT MONEY FOR SALE ONLINE

  39. Pingback: calcium carbonate 500 mg tablet

  40. Pingback: Pomsky Puppies For Sale Near me

  41. Pingback: cardizem tablets

  42. Pingback: buy catapres

  43. Pingback: hard sex

  44. Pingback: cheapest ceftin

  45. Pingback: celebrex cheap

  46. Pingback: thc vape juice

  47. Pingback: celexa 10 mg pills

  48. Pingback: cephalexin tablets

  49. Pingback: cipro canada

  50. Pingback: claritin 10mg usa

  51. Pingback: casino gambling

  52. Pingback: ziraat konut kredisi yapılandırma

  53. Pingback: hrdf training provider kl

  54. Pingback: empire city casino online

  55. Pingback: casino online slots

  56. Pingback: online casino games for real money

  57. Pingback: casino world

  58. Pingback: Reformhaus Wien

  59. Pingback: casino slot games

  60. Pingback: slot machines

  61. Pingback: rivers casino

  62. Pingback: best online casino real money

  63. Pingback: casino online slots

  64. Pingback: aarp insurance auto

  65. Pingback: hrdf training provider penang

  66. Pingback: acceptance car insurance quotes

  67. Pingback: nationwide insurance

  68. Pingback: Tenuate retard

  69. Pingback: 1000mg thc vape juice

  70. Pingback: allstate car insurance

  71. Pingback: online car insurance quotes

  72. Pingback: Undergraduate Kenya

  73. Pingback: liquid k2 for sale

  74. Pingback: multiple car insurance quotes

  75. Pingback: geico car ins

  76. Pingback: aaa car insurance quotes reviews

  77. Pingback: unsecured payday loans

  78. Pingback: easy payday loans

  79. Pingback: quick installment loans

  80. Pingback: legit quick loans

  81. Pingback: bad credit bad credit loans

  82. Pingback: apply for payday loans

  83. Pingback: online personal loans no credit check

  84. Pingback: cbd capsules

  85. Pingback: cbd oil benefits

  86. Pingback: bitcoin trading

  87. Pingback: cbd oil reviews complaints

  88. Pingback: best cbd oil for pain for sale

  89. Pingback: pure cbd oil for pain

  90. Pingback: does cbd oil fight pain

  91. Pingback: cbd hemp oil for pain

  92. Pingback: delta seating assignment

  93. Pingback: online essay writing service review

  94. Pingback: bitcoin wallet

  95. Pingback: premium assignments

  96. Pingback: 2nd grade math homework

  97. Pingback: the best essay writing service

  98. Pingback: writing essay services

  99. Pingback: Buy Morphine 60mg online

  100. Pingback: legit essay writing services

  101. Pingback: sphynx cat for sale

  102. Pingback: freedom writers summary essay

  103. Pingback: cleocin 300 mg usa

  104. Pingback: macaw parrot

  105. Pingback: clomid 100 mg no prescription

  106. Pingback: clonidine 0,1 mg cost

  107. Pingback: clozaril no prescription

  108. Pingback: colchicine purchase

  109. Pingback: cheapest symbicort inhaler 160/4,5mcg

  110. Pingback: coreg uk

  111. Pingback: compazine without a doctor prescription

  112. Pingback: VOITURE USA OCCASION

  113. Pingback: coumadin otc

  114. Pingback: cozaar 25 mg cost

  115. Pingback: Buy weed online

  116. Pingback: cymbalta 40 mg pharmacy

  117. Pingback: dapsone 1000caps prices

  118. Pingback: ddavp 10 mcg uk

  119. Pingback: depakote 500mg online

  120. Pingback: where can i buy differin

  121. Pingback: dildo

  122. Pingback: diltiazem 120 mg without a doctor prescription

  123. Pingback: 퍼스트카지노

  124. Pingback: where to buy doxycycline 100 mg

  125. Pingback: buy butalbital 50mg online

  126. Pingback: dramamine for sale

  127. Pingback: how to purchase elavil 50mg

  128. Pingback: erythromycin otc

  129. Pingback: cheap etodolac 200 mg

  130. Pingback: how to buy flomax 0,2mg

  131. Pingback: WHERE TO BUY OPANA 40 MG ONLINE

  132. Pingback: where can i buy garcinia cambogia 100caps

  133. Pingback: geodon 80mg purchase

  134. Pingback: Buy Jungle Boys Pie Hoe Online

  135. Pingback: hyzaar without a doctor prescription

  136. Pingback: cheapest imdur 30mg

  137. Pingback: Buy Cherry Mushroom Gummy

  138. Pingback: imitrex 50mg medication

  139. Pingback: view website

  140. Pingback: 샌즈카지노

  141. Pingback: where can i buy imuran

  142. Pingback: indocin over the counter

  143. Pingback: 메리트카지노

  144. Pingback: lamisil united states

  145. Pingback: 코인카지노

  146. Pingback: order levaquin

  147. Pingback: sturgeon caviar

  148. Pingback: fentanyl powder for sale

  149. Pingback: sme loan

  150. Pingback: cost of lopid

  151. Pingback: lopressor cheap

  152. Pingback: luvox price

  153. Pingback: 우리카지노

  154. Pingback: macrobid 50mg nz

  155. Pingback: meclizine 25 mg otc

  156. Pingback: افزایش فالوور اینستاگرام

  157. Pingback: mestinon 60 mg cost

  158. Pingback: Detectives madrid

  159. Pingback: private detectives agency in spaini

  160. Pingback: Wedding Cake Strain

  161. Pingback: micardis tablets

  162. Pingback: mobic 15mg pharmacy

  163. Pingback: motrin coupon

  164. Pingback: Victoria Cakes Kenzie Reeves Lesbian Sex

  165. Pingback: nortriptyline 25 mg otc

  166. Pingback: Women’s Crocodile Leather Patterned Shoulder Bag

  167. Pingback: periactin 4mg australia

  168. Pingback: phenergan 25 mg pills

  169. Pingback: Garnier Fırçalı Yüz Temizleme Jeli

  170. Pingback: plaquenil united states

  171. Pingback: printing of gifts

  172. Pingback: prednisolone 40 mg over the counter

  173. Pingback: False Eyelashes Set

  174. Pingback: 3D Volume Mink Eyelashes Set

  175. Pingback: Mink Individual Lashes

  176. Pingback: Reusable Mink Eyelashes

  177. Pingback: Waterproof Silicone Face Cleansing Brush

  178. Pingback: Waterproof Eyebrow

  179. Pingback: Makeup Brushes 12 pcs Set

  180. Pingback: prevacid united states

  181. Pingback: Champagne Color Makeup Brushes Set

  182. Pingback: Waterproof Strong Eyelash Glue

  183. Pingback: 3D Natural Soft Mink Eyelashes 10 set

  184. Pingback: Nail Polish Remover Cotton Wipes Set

  185. Pingback: prilosec 10 mg purchase

  186. Pingback: Professional Ceramic Hair Curler

  187. Pingback: Colorful Nail Art Dotting Pens Set

  188. Pingback: proair inhaler tablets

  189. Pingback: 3D Faux Eyelashes Set

  190. Pingback: proscar 5 mg otc

  191. Pingback: protonix coupon

  192. Pingback: Women’s Aloe Lip Balm

  193. Pingback: Waterproof Lipstick Set

  194. Pingback: Flower Water Nail Stickers

  195. Pingback: pulmicort purchase

  196. Pingback: Disposable Eyelash Brushes 50 pcs Set

  197. Pingback: Professional Waterproof Shimmer Lipstick

  198. Pingback: Goat Hair Eye Makeup Brushes Set

  199. Pingback: Elegant Pearls Hairband for Women

  200. Pingback: Double-headed Gradient Color Nail Art Brush

  201. Pingback: pyridium canada

  202. Pingback: 3D Soft Wispy Mink Hair False Eyelashes Set

  203. Pingback: Aluminium Foil Nail Polish Remover Wraps Set

  204. Pingback: Crystal Nail Art Brush

  205. Pingback: remeron tablet

  206. Pingback: retin-a cream 0.05% for sale

  207. Pingback: revatio price

  208. Pingback: risperdal no prescription

  209. Pingback: robaxin cheap

  210. Pingback: cheap rogaine

  211. Pingback: where can i buy seroquel

  212. Pingback: cheap singulair

  213. Pingback: skelaxin 400 mg without prescription

  214. Pingback: spiriva 9 mcg for sale

  215. Pingback: tenormin 50 mg medication

  216. Pingback: thorazine online pharmacy

  217. Pingback: toprol 100mg generic

  218. Pingback: tricor 200mg nz

  219. Pingback: how to buy valtrex 1000mg

  220. Pingback: verapamil 120 mg purchase

  221. Pingback: voltaren for sale

  222. Pingback: wellbutrin usa

  223. Pingback: order zanaflex 2mg

  224. Pingback: zestril pills

  225. Pingback: from this source

  226. Pingback: zocor 20 mg cost

  227. Pingback: zovirax usa

  228. Pingback: how to purchase zyloprim 300mg

  229. Pingback: how to purchase zyprexa

  230. Pingback: zyvox canada

  231. Pingback: sildenafil cheap

  232. Pingback: tadalafil otc

  233. Pingback: furosemide 40mg prices

  234. Pingback: escitalopram coupon

  235. Pingback: nytimes

  236. Pingback: aripiprazole 10 mg online

  237. Pingback: pioglitazone for sale

  238. Pingback: norwaytoday

  239. Pingback: spironolactone cheap

  240. Pingback: cost of fexofenadine 180 mg

  241. Pingback: glimepiride usa

  242. Pingback: order meclizine

  243. Pingback: leflunomide 20 mg purchase

  244. Pingback: atomoxetine online pharmacy

  245. Pingback: where to buy donepezil 5 mg

  246. Pingback: dutchnews

  247. Pingback: anastrozole usa

  248. Pingback: irbesartan purchase

  249. Pingback: cphpost

  250. Pingback: dutasteride prices

  251. Pingback: olmesartan canada

  252. Pingback: buspirone 5mg otc

  253. Pingback: aftonbladet

  254. Pingback: cheapest clonidine 0.1 mg

  255. Pingback: cefuroxime medication

  256. Pingback: how to buy celecoxib

  257. Pingback: citalopram 10 mg tablet

  258. Pingback: spiegel

  259. Pingback: cost of cephalexin 500 mg

  260. Pingback: ciprofloxacin 1000 mg otc

  261. Pingback: postimees

  262. Pingback: cheapest clindamycin

  263. Pingback: clozapine without prescription

  264. Pingback: lemonde

  265. Pingback: gayhub

  266. Pingback: prochlorperazine 5 mg coupon

  267. Pingback: carvedilol 25 mg united kingdom

  268. Pingback: best realistic dildo

  269. Pingback: icelandreview

  270. Pingback: intimacy suppositories

  271. Pingback: warfarin 5mg for sale

  272. Pingback: thesouthafrican

  273. Pingback: rosuvastatin tablet

  274. Pingback: مباريات اليوم

  275. Pingback: شعبى

  276. Pingback: best g spot vibrator

  277. Pingback: Japanese Porn

  278. Pingback: divalproex 500mg usa

  279. Pingback: xnxx sister

  280. Pingback: tolterodine without a prescription

  281. Pingback: ketamine for sale

  282. Pingback: fluconazole 100mg australia

  283. Pingback: cheap phenytoin 100 mg

  284. Pingback: oxybutynin 5mg australia

  285. Pingback: langley plumber

  286. Pingback: doxycycline over the counter

  287. Pingback: cheapest bisacodyl

  288. Pingback: cavapoo puppies for sale

  289. Pingback: Gay Hub XXX

  290. Pingback: amitriptyline medication

  291. Pingback: french bulldog puppies for sale

  292. Pingback: shop weed online

  293. Pingback: permethrin tablet

  294. Pingback: erythromycin generic

  295. Pingback: Twink

  296. Pingback: order estradiol 2mg

  297. Pingback: MILF Porn

  298. Pingback: etodolac price

  299. Pingback: Mountain bike clothing

  300. Pingback: xrgkddkh

  301. Pingback: fluticasone mcg cheap

  302. Pingback: alendronate cheap

  303. Pingback: kratom for sale

  304. Pingback: where to buy viagra online

  305. Pingback: nitrofurantoin 100mg otc

  306. Pingback: what is azithromycin?

  307. Pingback: Tracmax

  308. Pingback: hydrochlorothiazide tablet

  309. Pingback: https://dankvapescartriges.com/product/rose-gold/

  310. Pingback: 샌즈카지노

  311. Pingback: 코인카지노

  312. Pingback: THC Cartridge

  313. Pingback: how to purchase sumatriptan

  314. Pingback: AnaGlobal

  315. Pingback: best cbd oil

  316. Pingback: order loperamide 2 mg

  317. Pingback: freight travel

  318. Pingback: best cbd gummies

  319. Pingback: best cbd for dogs

  320. Pingback: viagra

  321. Pingback: cbd for dogs

  322. Pingback: sphynx cat

  323. Pingback: azathioprine pills

  324. Pingback: singapore house on rent

  325. Pingback: p spot massagers

  326. Pingback: green maeng da kratom

  327. Pingback: viagra o cialis

  328. Pingback: dependent visa hong kong

  329. Pingback: indomethacin 50 mg without a prescription

  330. Pingback: 우리카지노

  331. Pingback: 퍼스트카지노

  332. Pingback: 메리트카지노

  333. Pingback: cbd for sale

  334. Pingback: essay writing service india

  335. Pingback: write my safety research paper

  336. Pingback: virtual credit card buy

  337. Pingback: write my essay for cheap

  338. Pingback: free essay help online

  339. Pingback: business ethics in flint michigan essay

  340. Pingback: 레플리카 쇼핑몰

  341. Pingback: Classifié Annonces Gratuites au Djibouti

  342. Pingback: masturbating men

  343. Pingback: vibrator for women

  344. Pingback: Bath Salts For sale Online

  345. Pingback: Florida Fake driver's license

  346. Pingback: Gay Porn

  347. Pingback: kratom back pain

  348. Pingback: kratom for sale

  349. Pingback: kratom for sleep

  350. Pingback: lamotrigine 100 mg medication

  351. Pingback: best merchant services provider

  352. Pingback: terbinafine for sale

  353. Pingback: Google

  354. Pingback: clit vibrator

  355. Pingback: DARTH VADER OG

  356. Pingback: Buy Marijuana Online

  357. Pingback: resorts online casino

  358. Pingback: levothyroxine mcg coupon

  359. Pingback: technology for business

  360. Pingback: Pornhome XXX

  361. Pingback: amoxicillin

  362. Pingback: lasix 10

  363. Pingback: zithromax canadian pharmacy

  364. Pingback: Outsourcing Agency

  365. Pingback: stromectol australia

  366. Pingback: albuterol australia

  367. Pingback: safestore auto

  368. Pingback: safestore auto

  369. Pingback: how to purchase gemfibrozil

  370. Pingback: free download for windows 10

  371. Pingback: free download for laptop pc

  372. Pingback: free download for windows 10

  373. Pingback: apps download for windows 8

  374. Pingback: safestore auto

  375. Pingback: clotrimazole generic

  376. Pingback: doxycycline uti dose

  377. Pingback: side effects prednisolone

  378. Pingback: singapore divorce lawyer

  379. Pingback: who prescribes clomid

  380. Pingback: dapoxetine tablet

  381. Pingback: monistat and diflucan

  382. Pingback: allfnews

  383. Pingback: synthroid espaГ±ol

  384. Pingback: metoclopramide canada

  385. Pingback: Wyoming Fake driver's license

  386. Pingback: wall canvas

  387. Pingback: psychedelic mushroom growing kit usa

  388. Pingback: MAGIC MUSHROOM GROW KIT

  389. Pingback: Finger revolution

  390. Pingback: https://trippydelics.ca

  391. Pingback: buy herbal incense online

  392. Pingback: click here

  393. Pingback: Web design feldbach

  394. Pingback: propecia permanent

  395. Pingback: thc vape juice

  396. Pingback: liquid herbal incense

  397. Pingback: Herbal incense

  398. Pingback: their usa website

  399. Pingback: Google

  400. Pingback: Men's Clothing

  401. Pingback: classic pinball machines for sale

  402. Pingback: guns for sale in mt

  403. Pingback: canada pharmacy

  404. Pingback: cryptonews

  405. Pingback: Order High-Quality Steroid Powders Online

  406. Pingback: delivery from canada

  407. Pingback: virtual visa and MasterCard buy

  408. Pingback: neurontin indications

  409. Pingback: Buy hash online in Europe

  410. Pingback: diabetic medication metformin

  411. Pingback: paxil impotence

  412. Pingback: shipping container office

  413. Pingback: plaquenil withdrawal

  414. Pingback: buy copper wire online

  415. Pingback: buy vape pens europe

  416. Pingback: Pharmacy in Canada

  417. Pingback: Freelancer marketplace

  418. Pingback: buy guns online usa

  419. Pingback: reddit crypto

  420. Pingback: Vidalista 20mg

  421. Pingback: how long do shrooms stay in your system

  422. Pingback: mac 10

  423. Pingback: purchase firearms online

  424. Pingback: siamese kittens for sale near me

  425. Pingback: House and Office Clearance Services Teesside

  426. Pingback: purchase metformin online

  427. Pingback: Guns for sale

  428. Pingback: Commercial Kitchen Cleaning Company UK

  429. Pingback: SEO Services Ethiopia

  430. Pingback: Used Shipping Containers for Sale

  431. Pingback: THC Cartridge

  432. Pingback: how much is propecia

  433. Pingback: Buy lsd gel tabs with PayPal online

  434. Pingback: Nitrile Exam Gloves

  435. Pingback: counterfeit money for sale

  436. Pingback: Black Latex Gloves

  437. Pingback: ed treatment review

  438. Pingback: kawasaki z900

  439. Pingback: buy dexdrine online usa

  440. Pingback: buy dexedrine online

  441. Pingback: minecraft remoteconnect

  442. Pingback: best moving company

  443. Pingback: Website

  444. Pingback: pharmacy website

  445. Pingback: vibrating panty

  446. Pingback: SUPREME WEED STORE

  447. Pingback: write my essay

  448. Pingback: buy cialis online best price

  449. Pingback: visit

  450. Pingback: strap on vibrator

  451. Pingback: playing adult games

  452. Pingback: crypto currency virtual card

  453. Pingback: bitcoinatmvancouver.net

  454. Pingback: service in canada

  455. Pingback: SEO Los Angeles

  456. Pingback: tinder users 2018

  457. Pingback: hilarious tinder conversations

  458. Pingback: buy time crisis 3 arcade machine

  459. Pingback: canadian services

  460. Pingback: nanaimo bc

  461. Pingback: nasstoys female toys

  462. Pingback: Glock 17 Sights

  463. Pingback: bàn học cho bé

  464. Pingback: gas fireplace